China has vigorously implemented ICTs to foster ongoing informatization accompanying industrialization as a crucial pillar to drive its future economic development. The institutional and legal reforms involved were initiated and put into practice in order to meet the increasing demand for technological convergence and the negotiations for the expected entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO). The Chinese government has nevertheless long been torn by the ambivalence brought about by the Internet. It regards the Internet as an engine to drive economic growth on the one hand, and as a subversive challenge to undermine the ruling Communist Party on the other hand. As soon as ICTs were introduced and Web sites mushroomed, the Party was so determined to harness the new medium to assure the Internet's economic and scientific benefits. As a consequence, controls other than stifling ICTs would be critical for the CCP's agenda to achieve the century-long modernization process and in the meantime, consolidate its power.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences(all)
- Political Science and International Relations