The annealing effect on Stokes photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy of erbium-doped potassium niobate (KNbO3) ceramics has been investigated by studying the relations between room-temperature PL spectra with the annealing conditions. The experiments showed that the shape and intensity of the PL spectra is a function of the annealing temperature; the relative intensity of 4S3/2→4I15/2, 4F9/2→4I15/2 and the 4S3/2→4I13/2 transitions increased where the annealing temperature was increased. After annealing, the relative intensity ratio of the 541 and 526nm peaks decreased gradually, indicating the decrease of the symmetry of ligand field and an increase of covalence. From the unusual phenomenon, in which the green and near-infrared transitions intensity change was different after annealing, the near-infrared emission may correspond to the 4I 9/2→4I15/2 transition instead of 4S3/2→4I13/2 transition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry