The relationship between weight stigma, physical appearance concerns, and enjoyment and tendency to avoid physical activity and sport

Nadia Bevan, Kerry S. O’Brien, Chung Ying Lin, Janet D. Latner, Brian Vandenberg, Ruth Jeanes, Rebecca M. Puhl, I. Hua Chen, Simon Moss, Georgia Rush

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Participation in physical activity and sport is on the decline and there is a poor understanding of the psychosocial factors that contribute to people’s reluctance to participate. We examined whether there were relationships between factors such as weight stigma, weight bias internalization, appearance evaluation, and fears of negative appearance evaluations, and enjoyment and avoidance of physical activity and sport. Undergraduate students (N = 579) completed a survey assessing demographics, and the variables described above. In hierarchal multivariate regression models, weight stigma (β = −0.16, p < 0.001), appearance evaluation (β = 0.19, p = 0.001), and weight bias internalization (β = −0.19, p = 0.003) were associated with lower enjoyment of physical activity and sport. Weight stigma (β = 0.46, p = 0.001), weight bias internalization (β = 0.42, p = 0.001), and fear of negative appearance evaluations (β = 0.16, p = 0.000) were also significantly associated with the tendency to avoid physical activity and sport. Serial mediation analysis showed the relationship between weight stigma and enjoyment of physical activity and sport was through appearance evaluation and weight bias internalization (indirect effect = −0.007, SE = 0.002, 95% CI = −0.01, −0.02). Similarly, the relationship between weight stigma and avoidance of physical activity and sport was through weight bias internalization and fear of negative appearance evaluations (indirect effect = 0.11, SE = 0.03, 95% CI = 0.05, 0.16). These results suggest that weight stigma and concerns about one’s physical appearance influence people’s enjoyment and reasoning for avoiding physical activity and sport. Research is needed to identify ways to reduce body-related stigma and increase enjoyment and participation in physical activity and sport.

原文English
文章編號9957
期刊International journal of environmental research and public health
18
發行號19
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 十月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 污染
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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