The versatile roles of CARDs in regulating apoptosis, inflammation, and NF-κB signaling

Wen Pin Kao, Chao Yu Yang, Tsung Wei Su, Yin Ting Wang, Yu Chih Lo, Su Chang Lin

研究成果: Article同行評審

27 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


CARD subfamily is the second largest subfamily in the DD superfamily that plays important roles in regulating various signaling pathways, including but not limited to NF-kB activation signaling, apoptosis signaling and inflammatory signaling. The CARD subfamily contains 33 human CARD-containing proteins, regulating the assembly of many signaling complexes, including apoptosome, inflammsome, nodosome, the CBM complex, PIDDosome, the TRAF2 complex, and the MAVS signalosome, by homotypic CARD-CARD interactions. The mechanism of how CARDs find the right binding partner to form a specific complex remains unclear. This review uses different classification schemes to update the classification of CARD-containing proteins. Combining the classification based on domain structures, functions, associated signaling complexes, and roles would help better understand the structural and function diversity of CARD-containing proteins. This review also summarizes recent structural studies on CARDs. Especially, the CARD-containing complexes can be divided into the homodimeric, heterodimeric, oligomeric, filamentous CARD complexes and the CARD-ubiquitin complex. This review will give an overview of the versatile roles of CARDs in regulating signaling transduction, as well as the therapeutic drugs targeting CARD-containing proteins.

頁(從 - 到)174-195
出版狀態Published - 2015 二月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 藥理
  • 藥學科學
  • 臨床生物化學
  • 細胞生物學
  • 生物化學(醫學)
  • 癌症研究


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