The vertical propagation of disturbances triggered by seismic waves of the 11 March 2011 M9.0 Tohoku earthquake over Taiwan

J. Y. Liu, C. H. Chen, Y. Y. Sun, C. H. Chen, H. F. Tsai, H. Y. Yen, J. Chum, J. Lastovicka, Q. S. Yang, W. S. Chen, S. Wen

研究成果: Article同行評審

36 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In this paper, concurrent/colocated measurements of seismometers, infrasonic systems, magnetometers, HF-CW (high frequency-continuous wave) Doppler sounding systems, and GPS receivers are employed to detect disturbances triggered by seismic waves of the 11 March 2011 M9.0 Tohoku earthquake. No time delay between colocated infrasonic (i.e., super long acoustic) waves and seismic waves indicates that the triggered acoustic and/or gravity waves in the atmosphere (or seismo-traveling atmospheric disturbances, STADs) near the Earth's surface can be immediately activated by vertical ground motions. The circle method is used to find the origin and compute the observed horizontal traveling speed of the triggered infrasonic waves. The speed of about 3.3 km/s computed from the arrival time versus the epicentral distance suggests that the infrasonic waves (i.e., STADs) are mainly induced by the Rayleigh waves. The agreements in the travel time at various heights between the observation and theoretical calculation suggest that the STADs triggered by the vertical motion of ground surface caused by the Tohoku earthquake traveled vertically from the ground to the ionosphere with speed of the sound in the atmosphere over Taiwan.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1759-1765
頁數7
期刊Geophysical Research Letters
43
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2016 二月 28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地球物理
  • 地球與行星科學(全部)

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