A new group of thin film metallic glasses (TFMGs) have been reported to exhibit properties different from conventional crystalline metal films, though their bulk forms are already well-known for high strength and toughness, large elastic limits, and excellent corrosion and wear resistance because of their amorphous structure. In recent decades, bulk metallic glasses have gained a great deal of interest due to substantial improvements in specimen sizes. In contrast, much less attention has been devoted to TFMGs, despite the fact that they have many properties and characteristics, which are not readily achievable with other types of metallic or oxide films. Nevertheless, TFMGs have been progressively used for engineering applications and, thus, deserve to be recognized in the field of thin film coatings. This article will thus discuss both properties and applications of TFMGs including a review of solid-state amorphization upon annealing, the glass-forming ability improvement due to thin film deposition, and mechanical properties, including residual stress, hardness and microcompression, adhesion, and wear resistance. Potential applications and simulations will also be discussed.
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