Three-dimensional analysis of flatfoot deformity: Cadaver study

Harold B. Kitaoka, Zong Ping Luo, Kai Nan An

研究成果: Article同行評審

55 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Eleven fresh-frozen cadaver foot specimens were tested to define changes in tarsal alignment associated with flatfoot, or pes planus, a common clinical problem. The three-dimensional position of four bones (talus, calcaneus, navicular, and first metatarsal) relative to the fixed tibia was determined with a magnetic tracking system in the intact foot and flatfoot conditions. In the flatfoot, the average metatarsal-to-talar position difference was 11.7°± 4.4°in abduction (P < 0.0001), 10.4°± 3.6°in dorsiflexion (P < 0.0001), and 10.9°± 6.0°in eversion (P < 0.0001) compared with the intact foot. The average calcaneal-to-talar position difference was 2.2°± 2.6°in abduction (P = 0.0171) and 2.7°± 2.0°in eversion (P = 0.0012) compared with the intact foot. The average navicular- to-talar position difference was 13.6°± 5.0°in abduction (P < 0.0001), 10.5°± 6.6°in dorsiflexion (P = 0.0004), and 8.1°± 3.8°in eversion (P < 0.0001) compared with normal. The average talar-to-tibial position difference was -8.2°± 3.2°in dorsiflexion (P < 0.001) compared with the intact foot. The average arch height difference was 6.0 ± 2.7 mm (P < 0.0001) less than the normal condition. The deformity associated with flatfoot is complex and occurs in multiple joints and in all three planes. An understanding of the normal and pathologic (flatfoot) conditions is necessary to surgically restore appropriate alignment and function in hindfoot reconstruction operations.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)447-451
頁數5
期刊Foot and Ankle International
19
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1998 七月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 手術
  • 骨科和運動醫學

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