To make conventional two-dimensional cholangiography easier and more precise to read, we used techniques in computer vision to reconstruct the images in three dimensions. A 72-year-old man and a 70-year-old woman suffering from acute cholangitis were treated using endoscopic nasobiliary drainage. Their cholangiograms, from two orthogonal views, were used for three-dimensional reconstruction. We used video image grabber and film scanner methods to digitize the original conventional biliary radiographs, and applied two different image processing methods to show the biliary structure. Both methods of three-dimensional reconstruction of the biliary tract were highly useful in evaluating the biliary tracts in these two patients, especially when a semi-translucence overlapping display technique was applied in the second patient, with this technique, the biliary tree itself and the stones inside the common bile duct can be clearly delineated. The technique of three-dimensional reconstruction of biliary images can make the conventional cholangiographs more lifelike and has great potential in surgical simulation in the near future.
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