The short isoform of human TIAM2 has been shown to promote proliferation and invasion in various cancer cells. However, the roles of TIAM2S in immune cells in relation to tumor development have not been investigated. To characterize the effects of TIAM2S, we generated TIAM2S-overexpressing mouse lines and found that aged TIAM2S-transgenic (TIAM2S-TG) developed significantly higher occurrence of lymphocytic infiltration and tumorigenesis in various organs, including colon. In addition, TIAM2S-TG is more sensitized to AOM-induced colon tumor development, suggesting a priming effect toward tumorigenesis. In the light of our recent findings that TIAM2S functions as a novel regulator of cellular serotonin level, we found that serotonin, in addition to Cox2, is a unique inflammation marker presented in the colonic lesion sites in the aged TG animals. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that ectopic TIAM2S altered immunity via the expansion of T lymphocytes; this was especially pronounced in CD8+ T cells in combination with CXCL13/BCA-1 pro-inflammatory chemokine in the serum of TIAM2S-TG mice. Consequently, T lymphocytes and B cells were recruited to the lesion sites and stimulated IL-23/IL17A expression to form the tertiary lymphoid organs. Collectively, our research suggests that TIAM2S provokes a pro-inflammatory immune microenvironment permissive to colorectal tumorigenesis through the serotonin-induced immunomodulatory effects.
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