Torque-Sensorless Control of Stepper Motors for Low-Cost Compliant Motion Generation

Yan Lin Huang, Chia Hao Liang, Bo Hao Chen, Chao Chieh Lan

研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Actuators that can generate controllable compliant output motion are suitable for robots that need to interact safely with humans or the environment. To obtain the accurate output torque required to control the compliant motion, existing robotic actuators use one or more sensors to measure the deformation of a stiff or compliant element between the actuator and the output. The complexity, reliability, and cost of sensors are the current challenges. Deformation-based sensing also suffers from limited bandwidth and stability range. This paper proposes a torque-sensorless control method of stepper motors to generate compliant motion. Stepper motors are used because of their low cost and reliability. They also have a much higher torque-to-weight ratio and torque-to-rotor-inertia ratio than other DC motors. Torque and impedance controllers based on stepper motor current feedback are developed. Torque-sensorless impedance, and gripping force control experiments are provided to show the advantages of the proposed method. It is expected that the new control method for stepper motors can offer a competitive alternative when cost, stability, or bandwidth of complaint actuators are the major concerns.

頁(從 - 到)94495-94504
期刊IEEE Access
出版狀態Published - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電腦科學(全部)
  • 材料科學(全部)
  • 工程 (全部)


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