Torrefaction, pyrolysis and two-stage thermodegradation of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin

Wei-Hsin Chen, Chao Wen Wang, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Pau Loke Show, Tzu Hsien Hsieh

研究成果: Article

1 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

This study aims to investigate the thermal degradation mechanisms of hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin using pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. To characterize the decomposition behaviors, the torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination of the three constituents are performed using single-shot and double-shot reactions, with emphasis on the influence of torrefaction upon pyrolysis. The analysis suggests that O-acetyl and pentose units contained in the hemicellulose are thermally degraded into acetic acid and furfural in torrefaction, so acetic acid and furfural contents decrease significantly in the pyrolysis of torrefied hemicellulose. The impact of torrefaction upon cellulose is insignificant, resulting from the high thermal stability of the crystalline structure in the cellulose. When the pyrolysis temperature is higher than 300 °C, the cellulose starts to decompose and form organic volatile products. The products from lignin mild torrefaction at 250 °C are not obvious, except for vanillin. The severe torrefaction at 300 °C has a significant influence on lignin pyrolysis, and the pyrolysis of torrefied lignin results in an increase in aromatic compounds. Overall, the analysis suggests that torrefaction can be applied for biomass pyrolysis to stabilize pyrolysis bio-oil, make its composition more uniform, and separate certain chemicals. Based on the thermal degradation of the three main biomass components from torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination analyzed by Py-GC/MS, the obtained findings have provided useful insights into the applications of torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination for biofuel production.

原文English
文章編號116168
期刊Fuel
258
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 十二月 15

指紋

Lignin
Cellulose
Pyrolysis
Furaldehyde
Furfural
Acetic acid
Acetic Acid
hemicellulose
Biomass
Pentoses
Biofuels
Aromatic compounds
Chromatography
Mass spectrometry
Oils
Thermodynamic stability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

引用此文

Chen, Wei-Hsin ; Wang, Chao Wen ; Ong, Hwai Chyuan ; Show, Pau Loke ; Hsieh, Tzu Hsien. / Torrefaction, pyrolysis and two-stage thermodegradation of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. 於: Fuel. 2019 ; 卷 258.
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abstract = "This study aims to investigate the thermal degradation mechanisms of hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin using pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. To characterize the decomposition behaviors, the torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination of the three constituents are performed using single-shot and double-shot reactions, with emphasis on the influence of torrefaction upon pyrolysis. The analysis suggests that O-acetyl and pentose units contained in the hemicellulose are thermally degraded into acetic acid and furfural in torrefaction, so acetic acid and furfural contents decrease significantly in the pyrolysis of torrefied hemicellulose. The impact of torrefaction upon cellulose is insignificant, resulting from the high thermal stability of the crystalline structure in the cellulose. When the pyrolysis temperature is higher than 300 °C, the cellulose starts to decompose and form organic volatile products. The products from lignin mild torrefaction at 250 °C are not obvious, except for vanillin. The severe torrefaction at 300 °C has a significant influence on lignin pyrolysis, and the pyrolysis of torrefied lignin results in an increase in aromatic compounds. Overall, the analysis suggests that torrefaction can be applied for biomass pyrolysis to stabilize pyrolysis bio-oil, make its composition more uniform, and separate certain chemicals. Based on the thermal degradation of the three main biomass components from torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination analyzed by Py-GC/MS, the obtained findings have provided useful insights into the applications of torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination for biofuel production.",
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Torrefaction, pyrolysis and two-stage thermodegradation of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. / Chen, Wei-Hsin; Wang, Chao Wen; Ong, Hwai Chyuan; Show, Pau Loke; Hsieh, Tzu Hsien.

於: Fuel, 卷 258, 116168, 15.12.2019.

研究成果: Article

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AU - Wang, Chao Wen

AU - Ong, Hwai Chyuan

AU - Show, Pau Loke

AU - Hsieh, Tzu Hsien

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N2 - This study aims to investigate the thermal degradation mechanisms of hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin using pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. To characterize the decomposition behaviors, the torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination of the three constituents are performed using single-shot and double-shot reactions, with emphasis on the influence of torrefaction upon pyrolysis. The analysis suggests that O-acetyl and pentose units contained in the hemicellulose are thermally degraded into acetic acid and furfural in torrefaction, so acetic acid and furfural contents decrease significantly in the pyrolysis of torrefied hemicellulose. The impact of torrefaction upon cellulose is insignificant, resulting from the high thermal stability of the crystalline structure in the cellulose. When the pyrolysis temperature is higher than 300 °C, the cellulose starts to decompose and form organic volatile products. The products from lignin mild torrefaction at 250 °C are not obvious, except for vanillin. The severe torrefaction at 300 °C has a significant influence on lignin pyrolysis, and the pyrolysis of torrefied lignin results in an increase in aromatic compounds. Overall, the analysis suggests that torrefaction can be applied for biomass pyrolysis to stabilize pyrolysis bio-oil, make its composition more uniform, and separate certain chemicals. Based on the thermal degradation of the three main biomass components from torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination analyzed by Py-GC/MS, the obtained findings have provided useful insights into the applications of torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination for biofuel production.

AB - This study aims to investigate the thermal degradation mechanisms of hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin using pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. To characterize the decomposition behaviors, the torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination of the three constituents are performed using single-shot and double-shot reactions, with emphasis on the influence of torrefaction upon pyrolysis. The analysis suggests that O-acetyl and pentose units contained in the hemicellulose are thermally degraded into acetic acid and furfural in torrefaction, so acetic acid and furfural contents decrease significantly in the pyrolysis of torrefied hemicellulose. The impact of torrefaction upon cellulose is insignificant, resulting from the high thermal stability of the crystalline structure in the cellulose. When the pyrolysis temperature is higher than 300 °C, the cellulose starts to decompose and form organic volatile products. The products from lignin mild torrefaction at 250 °C are not obvious, except for vanillin. The severe torrefaction at 300 °C has a significant influence on lignin pyrolysis, and the pyrolysis of torrefied lignin results in an increase in aromatic compounds. Overall, the analysis suggests that torrefaction can be applied for biomass pyrolysis to stabilize pyrolysis bio-oil, make its composition more uniform, and separate certain chemicals. Based on the thermal degradation of the three main biomass components from torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination analyzed by Py-GC/MS, the obtained findings have provided useful insights into the applications of torrefaction, pyrolysis, and their combination for biofuel production.

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