Towards the design and implementation of an image-based navigation system of an autonomous underwater vehicle combining a color recognition technique and a fuzzy logic controller

Yu Hsien Lin, Chao Ming Yu, Chia Yu Wu

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study proposes the development of an underwater object-tracking control system through an image-processing technique. It is used for the close-range recognition and dynamic tracking of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) with an auxiliary light source for image processing. The image-processing technique includes color space conversion, target and background separation with binarization, noise removal with image filters, and image morphology. The image-recognition results become more complete through the aforementioned process. After the image information is obtained for the underwater object, the image area and coordinates are further adopted as the input values of the fuzzy logic controller (FLC) to calculate the rudder angle of the servomotor, and the propeller revolution speed is defined using the image information. The aforementioned experiments were all conducted in a stability water tank. Subsequently, the FLC was combined with an extended Kalman filter (EKF) for further dynamic experiments in a towing tank. Specifically, the EKF predicts new coordinates according to the original coordinates of an object to resolve data insufficiency. Consequently, several tests with moving speeds from 0.2 m/s to 0.8 m/s were analyzed to observe the changes in the rudder angles and the sensitivity of the propeller revolution speed.

原文English
文章編號4053
期刊Sensors
21
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 六月 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 分析化學
  • 資訊系統
  • 原子與分子物理與光學
  • 生物化學
  • 儀器
  • 電氣與電子工程

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