Translation initiation and assembly of peripherin in cultured cells

C. L. Ho, S. S.M. Chin, K. Carnevale, R. K.H. Liem

研究成果: Article

27 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

The peripherin gene has three potential ATG translation initiation sites at positions 38, 56, and 290. The second ATG has been proposed to be the initiation codon used for translation of the protein, but there is no experimental evidence for this conjecture. We have isolated a full-length peripherin cDNA (designated as p61-11) from a rat brain cDNA library. Upon sequencing, we found that this cDNA contains a point mutation at the second potential translation initiation codon, which changes this ATG to ACG. When expressed in SW13 cl.2 vim- cells, a cell line without any detectable cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, the protein product of p61-11 cannot form a filamentous network and the major product is 45 kDa in size, which is most likely initiated from the third ATG. The protein product from the first ATG (57 kDa in size) of p61-11 is also detected albeit in smaller amounts. We introduced a frame-shift mutation upstream of the third ATG in p61-11 to create p61-11FS and showed that the third ATG is able to initiate translation efficiently even in the presence of the first ATG, and the 45 kDa protein leads to a diffuse nonfilamentous staining pattern in vim- cells confirming that the first ATG may not be the preferred translation initiation codon, since it cannot suppress a downstream ATG. We increased the translation efficiency from the first ATG of p61-11 by mutating the three nucleotides preceding this first ATG and thereby placing it in a better Kozak consensus sequence for translation initiation. The resulting 57 kDa protein is able to form a filamentous network in vim- cells. We corrected the mutation in the original p61-11 by polymerase chain reaction and generated two peripherin constructs: perM1M2 (which contains all three translation initiation codons) and per Δ1M2 (the first ATG is deleted, but the other two are present). When transfected, their protein products, about 57 kDa in size, form filamentous networks in the absence of other cytoplasmic intermediate filaments. Since there is no 45 kDa protein detected for these latter two constructs, it is reasonable to conclude that in the presence of the second ATG, little or no translation is initiated from the third ATG. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that the second ATG is the preferred translation initiation codon for the peripherin gene.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)103-112
頁數10
期刊European Journal of Cell Biology
68
發行號2
出版狀態Published - 1995 一月 1

指紋

Peripherins
Initiator Codon
Cultured Cells
Proteins
Cytoskeleton
Complementary DNA
Intermediate Filament Proteins
Frameshift Mutation
Intermediate Filaments
Consensus Sequence
Protein Biosynthesis
Gene Library
Point Mutation
Genes
Nucleotides
Staining and Labeling
Cell Line
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Mutation
Brain

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

引用此文

Ho, C. L., Chin, S. S. M., Carnevale, K., & Liem, R. K. H. (1995). Translation initiation and assembly of peripherin in cultured cells. European Journal of Cell Biology, 68(2), 103-112.
Ho, C. L. ; Chin, S. S.M. ; Carnevale, K. ; Liem, R. K.H. / Translation initiation and assembly of peripherin in cultured cells. 於: European Journal of Cell Biology. 1995 ; 卷 68, 編號 2. 頁 103-112.
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abstract = "The peripherin gene has three potential ATG translation initiation sites at positions 38, 56, and 290. The second ATG has been proposed to be the initiation codon used for translation of the protein, but there is no experimental evidence for this conjecture. We have isolated a full-length peripherin cDNA (designated as p61-11) from a rat brain cDNA library. Upon sequencing, we found that this cDNA contains a point mutation at the second potential translation initiation codon, which changes this ATG to ACG. When expressed in SW13 cl.2 vim- cells, a cell line without any detectable cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, the protein product of p61-11 cannot form a filamentous network and the major product is 45 kDa in size, which is most likely initiated from the third ATG. The protein product from the first ATG (57 kDa in size) of p61-11 is also detected albeit in smaller amounts. We introduced a frame-shift mutation upstream of the third ATG in p61-11 to create p61-11FS and showed that the third ATG is able to initiate translation efficiently even in the presence of the first ATG, and the 45 kDa protein leads to a diffuse nonfilamentous staining pattern in vim- cells confirming that the first ATG may not be the preferred translation initiation codon, since it cannot suppress a downstream ATG. We increased the translation efficiency from the first ATG of p61-11 by mutating the three nucleotides preceding this first ATG and thereby placing it in a better Kozak consensus sequence for translation initiation. The resulting 57 kDa protein is able to form a filamentous network in vim- cells. We corrected the mutation in the original p61-11 by polymerase chain reaction and generated two peripherin constructs: perM1M2 (which contains all three translation initiation codons) and per Δ1M2 (the first ATG is deleted, but the other two are present). When transfected, their protein products, about 57 kDa in size, form filamentous networks in the absence of other cytoplasmic intermediate filaments. Since there is no 45 kDa protein detected for these latter two constructs, it is reasonable to conclude that in the presence of the second ATG, little or no translation is initiated from the third ATG. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that the second ATG is the preferred translation initiation codon for the peripherin gene.",
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Ho, CL, Chin, SSM, Carnevale, K & Liem, RKH 1995, 'Translation initiation and assembly of peripherin in cultured cells', European Journal of Cell Biology, 卷 68, 編號 2, 頁 103-112.

Translation initiation and assembly of peripherin in cultured cells. / Ho, C. L.; Chin, S. S.M.; Carnevale, K.; Liem, R. K.H.

於: European Journal of Cell Biology, 卷 68, 編號 2, 01.01.1995, p. 103-112.

研究成果: Article

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N2 - The peripherin gene has three potential ATG translation initiation sites at positions 38, 56, and 290. The second ATG has been proposed to be the initiation codon used for translation of the protein, but there is no experimental evidence for this conjecture. We have isolated a full-length peripherin cDNA (designated as p61-11) from a rat brain cDNA library. Upon sequencing, we found that this cDNA contains a point mutation at the second potential translation initiation codon, which changes this ATG to ACG. When expressed in SW13 cl.2 vim- cells, a cell line without any detectable cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, the protein product of p61-11 cannot form a filamentous network and the major product is 45 kDa in size, which is most likely initiated from the third ATG. The protein product from the first ATG (57 kDa in size) of p61-11 is also detected albeit in smaller amounts. We introduced a frame-shift mutation upstream of the third ATG in p61-11 to create p61-11FS and showed that the third ATG is able to initiate translation efficiently even in the presence of the first ATG, and the 45 kDa protein leads to a diffuse nonfilamentous staining pattern in vim- cells confirming that the first ATG may not be the preferred translation initiation codon, since it cannot suppress a downstream ATG. We increased the translation efficiency from the first ATG of p61-11 by mutating the three nucleotides preceding this first ATG and thereby placing it in a better Kozak consensus sequence for translation initiation. The resulting 57 kDa protein is able to form a filamentous network in vim- cells. We corrected the mutation in the original p61-11 by polymerase chain reaction and generated two peripherin constructs: perM1M2 (which contains all three translation initiation codons) and per Δ1M2 (the first ATG is deleted, but the other two are present). When transfected, their protein products, about 57 kDa in size, form filamentous networks in the absence of other cytoplasmic intermediate filaments. Since there is no 45 kDa protein detected for these latter two constructs, it is reasonable to conclude that in the presence of the second ATG, little or no translation is initiated from the third ATG. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that the second ATG is the preferred translation initiation codon for the peripherin gene.

AB - The peripherin gene has three potential ATG translation initiation sites at positions 38, 56, and 290. The second ATG has been proposed to be the initiation codon used for translation of the protein, but there is no experimental evidence for this conjecture. We have isolated a full-length peripherin cDNA (designated as p61-11) from a rat brain cDNA library. Upon sequencing, we found that this cDNA contains a point mutation at the second potential translation initiation codon, which changes this ATG to ACG. When expressed in SW13 cl.2 vim- cells, a cell line without any detectable cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, the protein product of p61-11 cannot form a filamentous network and the major product is 45 kDa in size, which is most likely initiated from the third ATG. The protein product from the first ATG (57 kDa in size) of p61-11 is also detected albeit in smaller amounts. We introduced a frame-shift mutation upstream of the third ATG in p61-11 to create p61-11FS and showed that the third ATG is able to initiate translation efficiently even in the presence of the first ATG, and the 45 kDa protein leads to a diffuse nonfilamentous staining pattern in vim- cells confirming that the first ATG may not be the preferred translation initiation codon, since it cannot suppress a downstream ATG. We increased the translation efficiency from the first ATG of p61-11 by mutating the three nucleotides preceding this first ATG and thereby placing it in a better Kozak consensus sequence for translation initiation. The resulting 57 kDa protein is able to form a filamentous network in vim- cells. We corrected the mutation in the original p61-11 by polymerase chain reaction and generated two peripherin constructs: perM1M2 (which contains all three translation initiation codons) and per Δ1M2 (the first ATG is deleted, but the other two are present). When transfected, their protein products, about 57 kDa in size, form filamentous networks in the absence of other cytoplasmic intermediate filaments. Since there is no 45 kDa protein detected for these latter two constructs, it is reasonable to conclude that in the presence of the second ATG, little or no translation is initiated from the third ATG. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that the second ATG is the preferred translation initiation codon for the peripherin gene.

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