Besides its well-recognized role in hemostasis and thrombosis, thromboxane A2 synthase (TXAS) is proposed to be involved in thrombopoiesis and lymphocyte differentiation. To evaluate its various physiologic roles, we generated TXAS-deleted mice by gene targeting. TXAS-/- mice had normal bone marrow megakaryocytes, normal blood platelet counts, and normal CD4 and CD8 lymphocyte counts in thymus and spleen. Platelets from TXAS -/- mice failed to aggregate or generate thromboxane B2 in response to arachidonic acid (AA) but produced increased prostaglandin-E 2 (PGE2), PGD2, and PGF2α. AA infusion caused a progressive drop of mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac arrest, and death in wild-type (WT) mice but did not induce shock in TXAS -/- mice or in WT and TXAS-/- mice treated with antagonist to the thromboxane-prostanoid (TP) receptor. The TXAS-/- mice were able to maintain normal MAP upon AA insult when TP was present but were unable to do so when TP was blocked by an antagonist, suggesting a role of endoperoxide accumulation in influencing MAP. We conclude that TXAS is not essential for thrombopoiesis and lymphocyte differentiation. Its deficiency causes a mild hemostatic defect and protects mice against arachidonate-induced shock and death. The TXAS-deleted mice will be valuable for investigating the roles of arachidonate metabolic shunt in various pathophysiologic processes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology