Type-wide biochars loaded with Mg/Al layered double hydroxide as adsorbent for phosphate and mixed heavy metal ions in water

Wei Hao Huang, Ying Ju Chang, Rome Ming Wu, Jo Shu Chang, Xiang Ying Chuang, Duu Jong Lee

研究成果: Article同行評審

11 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study discussed the adsorption of mixed heavy metal ions (Cu2+, Co2+, Pb2+) and phosphate ions by ten pristine biochars and those with precipitated Mg/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH). The pristine biochars have adsorption capacities of 6.9–13.4 mg/g for Cu2+, 1.1−9.7 mg/g for Co2+, 7.8−20.7 mg/g for Pb2+, and 0.8−4.9 mg/g for PO43−. The LDH-biochars have markedly increased adsorption capacities of 20.4–25.8 mg/g for Cu2+, 8.6−15.0 mg/g for Co2+, 26.5−40.4 mg/g for Pb2+ with mixed metal ions, and 13.0−21.8 mg/g for PO43−. Part of the Mg ions but Al ions are released from the LDH-biochars during adsorption, counting less than 7.2% of the adsorbed ions. The pristine biochars have specific adsorption sites for Cu2+ and Co2+, separate Pb2+ sites related to ether groups on biochar, and areal-dependent sites for PO43−. There is no universal adsorption mechanism corresponding to mixed metal ion adsorption for individual pristine biochar involving different contributions of C–O–C, C–O–H, and C[dbnd]O groups and graphitic-N, pyrrolic-N, and pyridine-N groups. The LDH complexes with hydroxyl and carbonyl groups of biochar, and the LDH interacts with biochar's ether groups, which contributes to metal adsorption, against the conception that the biochar is merely a carrier of LDH as adsorbents.

原文English
文章編號115520
期刊Environmental Research
224
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023 5月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物化學
  • 一般環境科學

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