Typhoid fever complicated by multiple organ involvement has been rarely mentioned in the literature. We reported two cases of typhoid fever with several unusual manifestations, including acute renal failure, acute hepatitis, acute pancreatitis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. A renal biopsy in the first case showed no pathological change. Bone marrow biopsy showed focal necrosis of matrix, which might have been due to severe illness. A liver biopsy in the second case showed a predominantly histiocytic proliferation with occasional neutrophilic infiltration in the portal areas and hepatic sinusoids. Focal necrosis, bile duct injury, and multiple eosinophilic bodies were also noted. After appropriate antimicrobial therapy, both patients recovered without any sequelae. The potential of multiple organ involvement is highlighted in typhoid fever, which, on rare occasions, may occur simultaneously in the same patient.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases