Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasoundguided percutaneous carpal tunnel release in hemodialysis patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods: From February 2009 to April 2013, a prospective review of 113 consecutive cases of ultrasound-guided percutaneous carpal tunnel release was carried out in 84 hemodialysis patients. Results were analyzed by clinical subjective scale, two self-administered questionnaires, and functional evaluations at seven time points (1 week and 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months). Results: Satisfactory symptom improvement in patients was 82%, 80%, 86%, 89%, 90%, 91%, and 90% at 1 week and 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively, respectively. Moderate pain was suffered in 11.5% of patients within 1 week, 8.8% within 1 month, 2.7% within 3 months, and none after 12 months postoperatively. Static two-point discrimination and Semmes-Weinstein monofilament examinations presented significant improvements after 1 week and 1 month postoperatively and with time. Postoperative grip power demonstrated recovery and a significant increase after 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Three-jaw chuck-pinch strength showed significant increase after 1 month postoperatively. There were no operative complications. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous carpal tunnel release is an effective and safe procedure in hemodialysis patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. The advantages include a less invasive procedure, no tourniquet needed, only limited infiltration anesthesia, minimal soft-tissue exploration, and relatively short operation time. Our data suggest this technique can reliably relieve clinical symptoms, with early restoration of grip and pinch strength.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Safety Research
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Chemical Health and Safety