Aeromonas dhakensis is an emerging human pathogen which causes fast and severe infections worldwide. Under the gradual pressure of lacking useful antibiotics, finding a new strategy against A. dhakensis infection is urgent. To understand its pathogenesis, we created an A. dhakensis AAK1 mini-Tn10 transposon library to study the mechanism of A. dhakensis infection. By using a Caenorhabditis elegans model, we established a screening platform for the purpose of identifying attenuated mutants. The uvrY mutant, which conferred the most attenuated toxicity toward C. elegans, was identified. The uvrY mutant was also less virulent in C2C12 fibroblast and mice models, in line with in vitro results. To further elucidate the mechanism of UvrY in controlling the toxicity in A. dhakensis, we conducted a transcriptomic analysis. The RNAseq results showed that the expression of a unique hemolysin ahh1 and other virulence factors were regulated by UvrY. Complementation of Ahh1, one of the most important virulence factors, rescued the pore-formation phenotype of uvrY mutant in C. elegans; however, complementation of ahh1 endogenous promoter-driven ahh1 could not produce Ahh1 and rescue the virulence in the uvrY mutant. These findings suggest that UvrY is required for the expression of Ahh1 in A. dhakensis. Taken together, our results suggested that UvrY controls several different virulence factors and is required for the full virulence of A. dhakensis. The two-component regulator UvrY therefore a potential therapeutic target which is worthy of further study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases