Global warming is mainly caused by the continuous increase of CO2 concentration from the enormous utilization of fossil fuels in the environment. To circumvent this problem, it is crucial to develop an efficient and economic method to capture CO2 from large stationary sources, such as coal-fired power plants, cement, steel factories, and so on. In this study, the CO2 adsorbents are prepared with biomass wastes (coffee grounds) by combining ammoxidation process (via three different methods) and potassium hydroxide activation. Various spectroscopic and analytical techniques, such as high resolution scanning electron microscope, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, elemental analysis, Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy are used to study the physicochemical properties of various adsorbents. Carbon dioxide adsorption capacities of prepared adsorbents are measured by using a thermogravimetric analyzer at atmospheric pressure. Furthermore, we test the stability and selectivity of adsorbents by measuring ten CO2 adsorption-desorption cycles and selectivity of CO2 and N2. Results obtained from this study reveal that the adsorbents which are nitrogen-doped by melamine from ammoxidation treatments, followed by potassium hydroxide chemical activation, have highly developed microporosity, high amounts of N-doping and more pyrrolic nitrogen (active adsorption sites), resulting in the highest CO2 uptake of 2.67 mmol CO2 g−1sorbent at 35 °C. Most importantly, these biochar-derived adsorbents have excellent selectivity ([CO2/N2] = 74.2) for CO2–N2 separation and good cyclic stability of CO2 adsorption-desorption process, which may be suitable for practical applications in capturing CO2 emitted from coal-fired power plant.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Environmental Science(all)
- Strategy and Management
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering