Vertical geochemical variations and arsenic mobilization in the shallow alluvial aquifers of the Chapai-Nawabganj District, northwestern Bangladesh: Implication of siderite precipitation

A. H.M.Selim Reza, Jiin Shuh Jean, Jochen Bundschuh, Chia Chuan Liu, Huai Jen Yang, Chi Yu Lee

研究成果: Article同行評審

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Core sediments from three disturbed boreholes (JOR, GHAT, and RAJ) and two undisturbed boreholes (DW1 and DW2) were collected in the study area of the Chapai-Nawabganj district of northwestern Bangladesh for geochemical analyses. In the study area, groundwater samples from fourteen As-contained private wells and five nested piezometers at both the DW1 and DW2 boreholes were also collected and analyzed. The groundwater arsenic concentrations in the uppermost aquifer (10-40 m of depth) range from 3 to 315 μg/L (mean 47. 73 ± 73. 41 μg/L), while the arsenic content in sediments range from 2 to 14 mg/kg (mean 4. 36 ± 3. 34 mg/kg). An environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer was used to investigate the presence of major and trace elements in the sediments. Groundwaters in the study area are generally the Ca-HCO3 type with high concentrations of As, but low levels of Fe, Mn, NO3- and SO4-2. The concentrations of As, Fe, Mn decrease with depth in the groundwater, showing vertical geochemical variations in the study area. Statistical analysis clearly shows that As is closely associated with Fe and Mn in the sediments of the JOR core (r = 0. 87, p < 0. 05 for Fe and r = 0. 78, p < 0. 05 for Mn) and GHAT core (r = 0. 95, p < 0. 05 for Fe and r = 0. 93, p < 0. 05 for Mn), while As is not correlated with Fe and Mn in groundwater. The comparatively low Fe and Mn concentrations in some groundwater and the ESEM image revealed that siderite precipitated as a secondary mineral on the surface of the sediment particles. The correlations along with results of sequential extraction experiments indicated that reductive dissolution of FeOOH and MnOOH represents a mechanism for releasing arsenic into the groundwater.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1255-1270
頁數16
期刊Environmental Earth Sciences
68
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2013 三月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution
  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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