Equations of motion for curved beams in a general state of non-uniform initial stresses are derived using the principle of virtual work. The equations are adjusted to a generic expression by using appropriate transformations. The free vibration behaviours of the curved beams subjected to a combination of uniform initial tensile of compressive stresses and uniform initial bending stress are examined. The Galerkin method is employed in obtaining accurate values of free frequencies and initial buckling stresses. The curved beam is assumed to be vibrating in its plane. Natural frequencies and initial buckling stresses for hinged supported curved beams are presented for validation. Effects of arc segment angles, elastic foundation, and initial stresses on the natural frequencies are investigated. Effects of arc segment angles, elastic foundation, and initial bending stresses on the initial buckling stresses are explored in this paper.
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