Visualization of Pulse-Wave Velocity on Arterial Wall of Mice Through High-Frequency Ultrafast Doppler Imaging

Yu Hsiang Huang, Hsin Huang, Yi Hsiang Chuang, Fan E. Mo, Chih Chung Huang

研究成果: Article同行評審


Arterial pulse-wave velocity (PWV) is widely used in clinical applications to assess cardiovascular diseases. Ultrasound methods have been proposed for estimating regional PWV in human arteries. Furthermore, high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) has been applied to perform preclinical small-animal PWV measurements; however, electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated retrospective imaging is required to achieve high-frame-rate imaging, which might be affected by arrhythmia-related problems. In this article, HFUS PWV mapping based on 40-MHz ultrafast HFUS imaging is proposed to visualize PWV on mouse carotid artery to measure arterial stiffness without ECG gating. In contrast to most other studies that used cross-correlation methods to detect arterial motion, ultrafast Doppler imaging was applied in this study to measure arterial wall velocity for PWV estimations. The performance of the proposed HFUS PWV mapping method was verified using a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) phantom with various freeze-thaw cycles. Small-animal studies were then performed in wild-type (WT) mice and in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE KO) mice that were fed a high-fat diet (for 16 and 24 weeks). The Young's modulus of the PVA phantom measured through HFUS PWV mapping was 15.3 ± 0.81, 20.8 ± 0.32, and 32.2 ± 1.11 kPa for three, four, and five freeze-thaw cycles, respectively, and the corresponding measurement biases (relative to theoretical values) were 1.59%, 6.41%, and 5.73%, respectively. In the mouse study, the average PWVs were 2.0 ± 0.26, 3.3 ± 0.45, and 4.1 ± 0.22 m/s for 16-week WT, 16-week ApoE KO, and 24-week ApoE KO mice, respectively. The PWVs of ApoE KO mice increased during the high-fat diet feeding period. HFUS PWV mapping was used to visualize the regional stiffness of mouse artery, and a histology confirmed that the plaque formation in the bifurcation region increased the regional PWV. All the results indicate that the proposed HFUS PWV mapping method is a convenient tool for investigating arterial properties in preclinical small-animal studies.

頁(從 - 到)3366-3372
期刊IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
出版狀態Published - 2023 12月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物醫學工程


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