Introduction: The efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism have been demonstrated in Asian and non-Asian patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in multiple studies. However, limited published data exist on its use specifically in treatment-naïve patients from the Asia region. Patients in South Korea and Taiwan can now receive rivaroxaban as first-line therapy, allowing for data generation in this patient group. Methods: XaMINA was a prospective, real-world, multicenter, single-arm, observational cohort study of patients with NVAF in South Korea and Taiwan naïve to anticoagulation and initiating rivaroxaban. The primary outcome was major bleeding; secondary outcomes included all-cause mortality, symptomatic thromboembolic events, and treatment persistence. Results: In total, 1094 patients were included and the follow-up was 1 year. The baseline mean CHADS2 score was 1.63 ± 0.98, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score was 2.92 ± 1.42, and mean HAS-BLED score was 1.00 ± 0.75. The primary outcome occurred in 20 (1.8%) patients [incidence rate 2.1 events per 100 patient-years (95% CI 1.35–3.25)]. Thromboembolic events occurred in 9 (0.8%) patients, of whom 5 (0.5%) had stroke, 3 (0.3%) myocardial infarction, and 1 (0.1%) a transient ischemic attack. There were no cases of non-central nervous system systemic embolism, and 735 (67.2%) patients persisted with rivaroxaban treatment for 1 year. Conclusion: XaMINA demonstrated low incidence rates of major bleeding events and thromboembolic events in patients with NVAF newly initiating rivaroxaban in South Korea and Taiwan, consistent with previous real-world studies reconfirming the results of the ROCKET AF study. Trial Registration: The trial was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (identifier NCT03284762) on 15 September 2017.
|頁（從 - 到）||3316-3333|
|期刊||Advances in Therapy|
|出版狀態||Accepted/In press - 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes