Development and Biomechanical Evaluation of Wheelchair Seating System

  • 李 俊廷

學生論文: Doctoral Thesis

摘要

Elderly adults with lower limb disorders sitting on a wheelchair for an extended period of time may experience numerous complications Critical complications in clinical practice include back pain pressure ulcers and decreased pulmonary function Wheelchair seating system is a key factor that influences spinal angle back muscle activation interface pressure pulmonary function and subjective discomfort Although numerous studies on wheelchair seating systems have been conducted it seems that the aspect of aforementioned problems can still be further improved For reduce the risks of back pain pressure ulcers and decreased pulmonary function in wheelchair sitting posture This study proposed a novel wheelchair seating system concept: the backward thoracic with upward femur support seating system The purpose of this study was to evaluate the spinal angle back muscle activation interface pressure pulmonary function and subjective discomfort when using the backward thoracic with upward femur support seating system in the elderly population Twenty elderly people were recruited for this study the backward thoracic with upward femur support sitting (TF) was compared with the relaxed slouching sitting (RS) flat back support sitting (FB) prominent lumbar support sitting (PL) and backward thoracic support sitting (BT) Spinal angle (thoracic lumbar and pelvic angles) back muscle activation (maximal voluntary isometric contraction of the thoracic erector spinae at T9 iliocostalis lumborum pars thoracis lumbar erector spinae and lumbar multifidus on both sides) interface pressure (total contact area average pressure and peak pressure on backrest and seat) pulmonary function (forced vital capacity forced expiratory volume in 1 second and peak expiratory flow) and subjective discomfort (neck shoulder upper-back mid-back lower-back upper-arm lower-arm buttock thigh and leg) were measured and compared The results of spinal angle measurement: the TF showed relatively higher thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis when compared with the RS FB and PL no significant difference when compared with the BT; and it also showed a relatively neutral pelvic tilt when compared with the RS and LP no significant difference was observed when compared with the FB and BT The results of back muscle activation measurement: the TF showed relatively higher back muscle activity when compared with RS and lower back muscle activity when compared with the FB and PL in all tested muscles no significant differences when compared with the BT The results of interface pressure measurement: the TF showed relatively higher total contact area average pressure and peak pressure on backrest when compared with the other sitting postures; and the BT showed relatively lower average pressure and peak pressure on seat when compared with the other sitting postures; nevertheless the TF showed relatively lower total contact area average pressure and peak pressure on the back part of seat and higher total contact area average pressure and peak pressure on the front part of seat when compared with the BT The results of pulmonary function test: the TF showed relatively higher pulmonary function values when compared with the RS FB and PL in all tested parameters no significant differences were observed when compared with the BT The results of subjective discomfort evaluation: the TF showed relatively lower subjective discomfort in upper-back mid-back and lower-back when compared with the RS FB and PL no significant difference when compared with the BT; and it also showed relatively lower subjective discomfort in buttock and higher subjective discomfort in thigh when compared with other sitting postures The backward thoracic with upward femur support seating system concept was suggested because it maintains an increased lumbar lordosis with rather neutral pelvic tilt decreased back muscle activation diminished pressure on the ischial tuberosities improved pulmonary function and lessened subjective discomfort in back and buttock which may help maintains a better wheelchair sitting posture for reduce the risks of back pain pressure ulcers and pulmonary function decline The achievements of this study contribute to the decision-making processes of wheelchair seating systems for consumers clinicians and manufacturers
獎項日期2015 五月 25
原文English
監督員Chih-Han Chang (Supervisor)

引用此文

Development and Biomechanical Evaluation of Wheelchair Seating System
俊廷, 李. (Author). 2015 五月 25

學生論文: Doctoral Thesis