Lithium isotope as a proxy for water/rock interaction between hydrothermal fluids and the oceanic crust: A case study at Milos Greece

論文翻譯標題: 利用鋰同位素探討熱液流體與海洋地殼的水岩交互作用──以米洛斯島為例
  • 盧 裕達

學生論文: Master's Thesis

摘要

Hydrothermal activity at Milos in the Aegean island (Greece) is mainly located at rather shallow depth (about 5 m) It is interesting to compare these chemical compositions and the evolution processes of the hydrothermal fluids at deep sea hydrothermal vents in Mid-ocean Ridge (MOR) Lithium (Li) is a highly mobile element and its isotopic composition varies at different geological settings Therefore Li and its isotope could be used as an indicator for many geochemical processes Since 6Li is preferential retained in the mineral phase while 7Li is leached into fluid phase during low-temperature basalt alteration the Li isotopic fractionation between the rocks and the fluids reflects sensitively the degree of water-rock interaction In this study Bio-Rad AG-50W X8 cation exchange resin was used for purifying the hydrothermal fluids to separate Li from other matrix elements The Li isotopic composition (δ7Li) was determined by Multi-collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) with an average precision of better than 0 2? (2σ n=24) The Li concentration in the hydrothermal fluids falls between 0 03 to 10 31 mM During phase separation lithium boron chlorine iodine bromine sodium and potassium were enriched in the brine phase On the other hand aluminum sulphur and iron were enriched in the vapor phase There is no significant isotopic fractionation has occurred between the two phases The δ7Li values vary from +1 4 to +31 3? indicating significant seawater contamination have occurred These hydrothermal fluids fit well with seawater and brine two end-member binary mixing model There are several main controls in the δ7Li including seawater contamination seawater-basalt interaction and other potential sources The calculated water/rock ratio (W/R) is rather high for the Milos fluids significant amount of seawater recharge into the oceanic crust Moreover the oceanic crust in the region becomes higher altered since the W/R is rather high Hydrothermal activity in Milos may be a non-negligible source of Li and the Li isotope of the hydrothermal fluids can be used as a sensitive tool for studying water-rock interaction
獎項日期2014 八月 26
原文English
監督員Chen-Feng You (Supervisor)

引用此

Lithium isotope as a proxy for water/rock interaction between hydrothermal fluids and the oceanic crust: A case study at Milos Greece
裕達, 盧. (Author). 2014 八月 26

學生論文: Master's Thesis