The Economic Impact Analysis of Water Supply in Kaohsiung Area

論文翻譯標題: 高雄地區水資源供給之經濟影響分析
  • 張 克昌

學生論文: Master's Thesis


Abstract   Kaohsiung area the second biggest city in Taiwan has been suffering from water shortage for a long time due to uneven rainfall temporal distribution The water source for Kaohsiung area mainly comes from the rainy season which begins from May to September the rainfall of that period accounts nearly 90% of annual rainfall However it rarely rains in dry season which begins from October to April this uneven rainfall temporal distribution makes water retention a tough task A research project from Southern Region Water Resource Office indicates that the daily average water supply cannot meet the daily water demand by the amount of 265 100 cubic meters hence the agricultural water is inevitably transferred to industry and residential sector to fill up the gap However it is not always a good way to solve the problem although the industry and residential sector get benefits from that transfer it shall pose potential impact to agriculture sector To meet the water demand of Kaohsiung area and enhance the reliability of water supply in the future thus the local government officials have been seeking to construct water resource facility to save and retain water in Kaohsiung area   In the above point of view this study used regional input and output (I-O) model which were established by location quotient method to evaluate the economic effects of the three feasible water resource facilities: reclaimed water plant seawater desalination plant and Gaoping lake-phase one and provide the information to decision makers The evaluations include the economic effects of facility construction and the amount of water supplied by each water resource facility and also the economic effects of transferred agricultural water However most of I-O studies on water resource-related are focused on water shortage different from those studies this study created a residential sector in I-O table and estimated the economic effects of increased water resource in industry and residential sectors   The results revealed that the construction of reclaimed water plant would create 2 235 6 million NTD output effect 771 86 million NTD income effect and 900 job opportunities; the construction of seawater desalination plant would create 7 423 99 million NTD output effect 2 563 21 million NTD income effect and 2 989 job opportunities; while the construction of Gaoping lake-phase one would create 7 852 57 million NTD output effect 2 711 18 million NTD income effect and 3 162 job opportunities annually to Kaohsiung area during their construction period As for the economic effects of water resource the increase of 16 425 million cubic meters of reclaimed water use a year in industry sector would create 1 776 71 million NTD output effect annually to Kaohsiung area moreover the increase of 36 5 million cubic meters of water resource from seawater desalination plant or Gaoping lake-phase one a year in industry and residential sectors would create 2 731 1 million NTD output effect annually to Kaohsiung area   Among the three different water resource facilities Gaoping lake-phase one would be the better choice to be constructed to enhance the reliability of water supply and also to stabilize the development of agriculture sector in Kaohsiung area due to its relative low unit cost of water and the relative largest output effect income effect and employment effect on facility construction
獎項日期2015 7月 23
監督員Yen-Lien Kuo (Supervisor)